As you grow older, your body will begin to lose much of the strength that it once had. It will also be unable to fight and stave off disease as well as it did in your youth. Among the many parts of the body that will be affected are your eyes, which is why it pays to have your eyes examined on an annual basis, especially on into your old age. Throughout the course of this brief article, you will learn about just a few of the most common eye diseases that affect the elderly.
Conjunctivitis is not as severe of an issue as some of the other ailments that are listed in this guide, but it is still an issue that commonly affects the eyes of the elderly. The main symptom of conjunctivitis is that the tear ducts stop working as well as they should, which can cause chronic dry eyes. Many times, an ophthalmologist will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moistened in order to curb the effects of conjunctivitis.
Glaucoma is very common among the elderly, but the symptoms might start as early as young adulthood and grow in scope as you age. Essentially, glaucoma is a disease that causes pressure behind your eye(s). Blood vessels that exist behind your eye will expand due to glaucoma's presence and eventually burst. Your eyes will eventually become quite dry and slowly, you will lose your vision. Glaucoma cannot be cured, but the magnitude of its effects can be lessened, especially if an ophthalmologist catches the issue quite early. Trabeculoplasty, a form of laser eye surgery, is oftentimes administered to those who suffer from severe glaucoma.
As its name suggests, diabetic retinopathy affects those who suffer from diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that is much more common as you age, so diabetic retinopathy is more likely to affect the elderly. One of the early signs of diabetic retinopathy is the persistent experience of seeing "floaters." Floaters are small, sometimes colorful, dots that you will experience right in front of your eyes. From there, partial vision loss can ultimately occur. Among the treatments used to diminish the effects of diabetic retinopathy, laser surgery tends to be quite effective.
If you believe that an eye disease has come to affect you in your old age, it is highly recommended that you visit a local and trusted ophthalmologist from a company like Longmeadow Optical.